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TiDB is an open-source, distributed NewSQL database that supports hybrid transactional and analytical processing (HTAP). The database unites the horizontal scalability of NoSQL with the high performance and consistency of traditional RDBMS. TiDB’s architecture includes a combination of a SQL layer for query processing (TiKV) and a distributed Key-Value store to manage data like in traditional MySQL systems. The platform takes advantage of Raft consensus algorithm to ensure strong consistency across all nodes for ACID transactions while providing the scalability necessary for modern cloud-native applications. TiDB can also handle both online transaction processing (OLTP) and online analytical processing (OLAP), effectively eliminating the need to maintain separate databases for different operations.

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